Nov 13, 2019  
2016-2017 Catalog 
2016-2017 Catalog [PAST CATALOG]

ANT 123 - Introduction to Archaeology

3 credit hours - Three hours of lecture weekly; one term.
This course meets the Social and Behavioral Sciences General Education Requirement.

Research the archeology of both Old and New Worlds emphasizing North America and Europe. Analyze the spatial distribution, over time, of the genus Homo. Investigate material cultural and environmental evidence in order to understand regional differences in social institutions, especially economics.

Prerequisite(s): Eligibility for ENG 111  or ENG 115  or ENG 121 .

Crosslisted: Also offered as SOC 123 ; credit is not given for both ANT 123 and SOC 123 .

Course Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Introduce the science of archaeology.
    • Define archaeology in a material cultural and environmental sense.
    • Explain basic archaeological theories.
    • Explain basic anthropological theories.
    • Give an overview of how archaeology and the environment interact.
  • Introduce culture as human adaptation.
    • Explain carrying capacity.
    • Define material cultural evidence in a geographical context.
    • Explain why archaeology is important.
  • Discuss the differences between time and space regarding archaeology.
    • Answer the questions as to why some archaeological sites survive.
    • Evaluate environmental conditions with regard to site location.
    • Discuss the relationship between flora and fauna in human context.
  • Understand how interest in archaeology has diffused and modernized throughout the world; understand how globalization has influenced the science of archaeology.
    • Identify why and how food foraging began in particular areas.
    • Evaluate the increased pace of archaeological research.
    • Evaluate changing settlement patterns and spatial distances.
  • Explain and identify how particular regions are influenced by biosocial and biocultural conditions.
    • Understand environmental determinism and how it is applied to the field of archaeology.
    • Understand how the domestication of plants and animals relates to archaeology.
    • Identify why certain ecological patterns result from human occupation.
    • Understand how archaeology can explain this interaction.
    • Learn about the urbanization process from a biocultural perspective.
  • Study demographic variations among bands of foragers, tribes, chiefdoms and states as the continents became occupied.
    • Identify the demographics of past civilizations.
    • Examine how the demographics changed over time and space.
    • Evaluate current demographics from a cross-cultural perspective.
  • Study the different economic impacts of human occupation and the sifting rural and urban economic landscapes.
    • Understand social stratification in the context of urbanization.
    • Examine the eco tourism value of significant early monumental architecture.
    • Use archaeological evidence to understand human distribution.
    • Understand the economic impact of research.
    • Examine particular archaeological sites in the context of market trends.
    • Apply archaeology to understanding the process of civilization.
    • Understand the economic rationale behind human mobility.
  • Evaluate how societies have impacted the physical environment over time and space.
    • Evaluate how the physical environment has changed due to this species dependence on plant and animal domestication.
    • Understand how architecture changed through time and space.
    • Know the location of archaeological sites.
    • Review ecological dependence from place attachment perspective.
  • Examine the significance of the discipline of archaeology.
    • Examine human occupation via maps and images regarding archaeological sites.
    • Understand civilizations as process.
    • Study human cultural patterns as they become the future.
Core Competencies
Core 1 Communication Core 2 Technology Fluency Core 3 Information Literacy Core 6 Scientific Reasoning Core 7 Quantitative Reasoning Core 8 Social and Civic Responsibility Core 9 Global Perspective Core 10 Innovative and Critical Thinking